So far I've been emphasizing the land claims aspect of the charter, but it is much more than that. Yes, it outlines the orderly making of claims. That is essential. However, it's central purpose is to establish a law which no nation to date has ever established. The absolute ownership of all property. This means there is no public good that takes away this absolute right to property. No eminent domain.
Those who have just had a heart attack, take a moment to breath.
By establishing this charter, mars will be the only planet in the solar system with intelligent life. The simple act of establishing absolute inalienable ownership rights will be: Private stupidity will be the law of the land. Public stupidity will be outlawed.
Private stupidity is an extension of creative destruction. Those so endowed will perish eventually.
If somebody imports the only chickens to mars they can charge a million dollars per egg. It's their property. If somebody wants to buy those eggs at that price, so be it. What they can't do is decide it's the public's right to steal those eggs. Even if the argument is survival. In some cases the pressure on 'the stupid' may become overwhelming which is why the settlement charter should be explicit so that nobody can reinterpret the 'public good' into the document. There will be no welfare state.
What about public services? Every public service on earth is in some cases also handled privately quite well. This completely avoids the creation of out of control government.
Now back to orderly claims.
My original plan only had individuals getting claims. I envisioned they would start from the first claim and make claims adjacent to the original so that a rough circle of claims would probably be made. It would have a means of determining precedent so arguments would be minimal and easily resolved.
Now the new plan includes 1000 sq. km. for the transportation company for each colonist delivered. If they deliver 20 colonists, they get 20,000 sq. km. This creates some new problems and consequences that need to be mitigated. Again, the charter must specify an orderly way of going about this. First I think it should disallow company claims that surround any private claims. Second it should specify rules that allow others to cross the territory easily. Greater minds than mine can figure out the other details. However, they absolutely own that property. Since it's suppose to be to mitigate their cost of transportation, it's assumed they will sell most of it off, but that is not required. They have the same rights as every other member of the charter.